They joined the military as part of the World War II effort to defeat totalitarian regimes based on myths of racial and national superiority. These African-American men and women were well-aware of the large irony built into the fact that they were serving in racially segregated units. They set out to prove that Black soldiers could fight and serve as well as any others, and that they deserved equal status both inside the barracks and in the civilian world from which they came.
Click here for the full report.
Source: The Library of Congress